Transportation and Energy Solutions for the Future
Climate change and resource scarcity
By 2050, the International Transport Forum predicts that the worldwide volume of transport will have increased threefold. This includes an in-crease in the number of trucks on the road around the globe. The transportation sector will account for some 22 percent of worldwide CO2 emissions by 2020. Furthermore, the demand for energy will double in the next 20 years. New transportation and energy solutions are needed to minimize the effects of climate change and resource scarcity.
According to the United Nations the number of people living in cities will double by 2050, rising from three to six billion. These urban dwellers all need to move within and between cities and purchase food and con-sumer goods locally. This also results in an increase in the share of global CO2 emissions generated in cities, which according to the WWF Living Planet Report is already 75 percent today. Efficient commercial vehicles allow the implementation of urban transportation concepts that meet the challenges of the future.
Environmental pollution and health
The International Maritime Organization Tier III emissions standards require that, starting in 2016, NOx emissions in specific control areas must be reduced by 75 percent compared to previous limits. Since 2014, the Euro 6 emissions standards for trucks and buses have been in force, requiring a further 80-percent reduction in NOx emissions. Nitrogen oxides are not only harmful to human health, but also contrib-ute to climate change and environmental pollution. With this in mind, Research & Development is focusing on the minimization of NOx and pollutant emissions.